查看: 131|回复: 0
上一主题 下一主题

centos7.2离线安装mysql5.7.18.tar.gz

77311

主题

0

好友

积分

离线 发信

跳转到指定楼层
楼主
发表于 2019-06-28 00:21 | 只看该作者 | 倒序浏览

因为网络隔离,无法使用yum方式安装mysql,这里介绍linux服务器上手动离线安装mysql的方法。

目的

离线安装mysql服务
服务器:centos7.2,配置本地yum源
mysql版本:mysql5.7.18

步骤

1.下载安装包mysql-5.7.18-linux-glibc2.5-x86_64.tar.gz,安装包传输到目的服务器/tmp目录
2.my.cnf文件(见文末)传输到目的服务器的/tmp目录
3.创建用户和相应文件夹:

# prepare
groupadd mysql
useradd -r -g mysql -s /bin/false mysql
yum install -y autoconf
mkdir /apps
mkdir /logs
mkdir /data
mkdir -p /data/mysql7006/data && chown -R mysql:mysql /data/mysql7006
mkdir /logs/mysql7006 && chown -R mysql:mysql /logs/mysql7006
touch /logs/mysql7006/error-log.err && chown -R mysql:mysql /logs/mysql7006/error-log.err

4.安装

cd /tmp
tar zxvf mysql-5.7.18-linux-glibc2.5-x86_64.tar.gz
mv mysql-5.7.18-linux-glibc2.5-x86_64 mysql
mv mysql /apps/mysql
cp my.cnf /apps/mysql/

chown -R mysql:mysql /apps/mysql/
# 初始化数据库,
cd /apps/mysql
./bin/mysqld --initialize --user=mysql --basedir=/apps/mysql/ --datadir=/data/mysql7006/data/

初始化过程中会生成一个默认密码记得记下来,后续修改用。

5.注册service(可以不做)

# 依据情况修改support-files/mysql.server
cp support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysql
systemctl start mysql.service

# 添加开机启动
chkconfig mysql.server on

6.启动数据库/apps/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe --defaults-file=/apps/mysql/my.cnf &

7.修改默认密码:

/apps/mysql/bin/mysqladmin -u root password 'password' --port=7006 --socket=/data/mysql7006/mysql.sock -p
# 修改后清空linux的history记录
history -c

# 登陆测试:
/apps/mysql/bin/mysql -u root --port=7006 --socket=/data/mysql7006/mysql.sock -p

8.防火墙、赋权(按需做)

# 防火墙
firewall-cmd --zone=public --add-port=7006/tcp --permanent
systemctl restart firewalld
firewall-cmd --zone=public --query-port=7006/tcp
# 赋权给登陆用户
use mysql;
grant all privileges on *.* to user@'ip' identified by "password";
flush privileges;
select host,user,password from user;

9.本地隐藏密码登录(可以不做)

## 使用mysql_config_editor 制作登录文件
/apps/mysql/bin/mysql_config_editor set --login-path=root_pass --user=root --port=7006 --socket=/data/mysql7006/mysql.sock --password
## 输入密码:******
## 文件会加密存储于用户根目录下.mylogin.cnf
/apps/mysql/bin/mysql_config_editor print --all
## 下次登录时直接敲:
/apps/mysql/bin/mysql --login-path=root_pass

# 再省事一些:set alias
# 打开file .bashrc,添加
alias db7006='/apps/mysql/bin/mysql --login-path=root_pass'
# 然后退出执行:
source .bashrc
## 下次登录时直接敲:
db7006

附录

my.cnf文件

主要功能:全局utf8字符集、自定义端口、数据文件夹、日志文件夹、默认引擎innodb(支持事务,对xtrabackup友好)、跳过客户端登陆时的dns解析

[client]
port=7006
default-character-set=utf8

[mysqld]
skip-name-resolve
secure_file_priv="/"
character-set-server=utf8
user=mysql
server_id=20180917
port=7006
socket=/data/mysql7006/mysql.sock
pid-file=/data/mysql7006/mysql.pid
basedir=/apps/mysql
datadir=/data/mysql7006/data
log-error=/logs/mysql7006/error-log
log-bin=/logs/mysql7006/bin-log

max_allowed_packet    = 64M
default_storage_engine   = InnoDB
innodb_strict_mode    = 1
innodb_buffer_pool_size  = 5G
innodb_stats_on_metadata  = 0
innodb_file_format    = Barracuda
innodb_flush_method   = O_DIRECT
innodb_log_files_in_group  = 2
innodb_log_file_size   = 4G
innodb_log_buffer_size   = 128M
innodb_file_per_table   = 1
innodb_max_dirty_pages_pct  = 60
innodb_io_capacity    = 4000
lower_case_table_names   = 1

#ADD INNODB
innodb_buffer_pool_instances = 16
innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 1
innodb_adaptive_flushing  = 1
innodb_thread_concurrency  = 0
innodb_stats_persistent  = 1
innodb_purge_threads   = 4
innodb_use_native_aio   = 1

##innodb_use_sys_malloc  = 1
innodb_autoinc_lock_mode  = 2
innodb_change_buffering  = inserts
innodb_read_io_threads   = 16
innodb_write_io_threads  = 16
expire_logs_days    = 30

# CACHES AND LIMITS #
key_buffer_size    = 32M
tmp_table_size     = 256M
max_heap_table_size   = 256M

table_open_cache    = 4096
query_cache_type    = 0
query_cache_size    = 0
max_connections    = 2000
thread_cache_size    = 1024
open_files_limit    = 65535

#ADD OTHERS
metadata_locks_hash_instances = 256
table_open_cache_instances  = 16
back_log      = 1500

wait_timeout     = 3600
interactive_timeout   = 3600
master_info_repository=TABLE
relay_log_info_repository=TABLE
log_slave_updates=ON
binlog_checksum=NONE
binlog_format=ROW
transaction_isolation=READ-COMMITTED
sql_mode='STRICT_TRANS_TABLES,NO_ZERO_IN_DATE,NO_ZERO_DATE,ERROR_FOR_DIVISION_BY_ZERO,NO_AUTO_CREATE_USER,NO_ENGINE_SUBSTITUTION'

以上就是本文的全部内容,希望对大家的学习有所帮助,也希望大家多多支持脚本之家。

来源:http://www.jb51.net/article/162793.htm